As a part of the project WEB-InUnion (Bringing Western Balkan Countries closer to the Innovation Union), we have conducted a study (policy analysis and a survey) to examine the remaining mobility obstacles hindering mobility for researchers. The following are some of the topics we addressed during the study: quality of doctoral training, attractive employment conditions and gender balance in research careers, mobility across countries and sectors, open recruitment in public research institutions.

We started the analysis with the identification of the research stakeholders in each country.  The number of science performers was divided according to state and public research institutions, private research centres, universities, and other research performers.  The next part of the analysis included identifying the research legislative framework in each country respectively.  We asked each country to identify all relevant documents regulating issues related to all topics that we identified as relevant for the study, and that are mentioned in the previous paragraph.  This included laws and by-laws, national strategies and programs, initiatives and reports, institutional regulations, previous projects, and international agreements.  These served as a good database to come back to when looking over these issues, as well as the sources and references where these issues are tackled and which can be useful for further analysis on the subject matter.  We also created two questionnaires, one aimed at researchers, and the other at research organizations and industry, which were disseminated on a national level by each partner and covered all the aforementioned topics.

We believe that these issues are also the basis for the brain drain phenomena that exists in our countries.  To that end, we would like to point out a few key elements that we believe contribute to researchers migrating abroad, as we have concluded in our findings.  We would also like to point out some positive examples that are being taken to improve the research environment in the region. Finally we provide policy recommendations to our governments, with the final aim being to hopefully attract some of our researchers abroad back home, and prevent existing researchers from migrating. 

This report is a summary of all 7 national reports, which were done by each partner, and which highlight the remaining obstacles to mobility in the Western Balkan.

Download the full report by clicking on a filename below.

Download this file (wp3 synthesis report.pdf)wp3 synthesis report.pdf[ ]235 kB